Facts That You Need To Know About Kidney Infections

 

Kidney Stones Hurt, You Know

 

Renal infection or most commonly known as kidney infection is one of the most common types of urinary tract infection.

This is due to the presence of certain bacteria that may infect the bladder of a person and may result in the spreading of the same bacteria to one of the person’s kidneys.

Women are more susceptible to renal infection than men, where 15-17 in every 10,000 women are affected.

 

Causes

There are plenty of causes for renal infection. Do note that the infection is carried out by bacteria that may enter the urethra. Once inside, they will proliferate and grow inside of the bladder which can then lead to the infection. If the condition worsens, the infection may spread to one of the person’s kidneys which may result in complications.

Here are some ways people can get bacteria that may cause kidney infections:

  • Improper Toilet Hygiene- If after defecating and using toilet paper to clean the anus, the paper may come into contact with the genitals and it can be a way for the bacteria to enter. Also, bacteria may also enter from the anus which may also lead to renal infection as well.
  • Kidney Stones- People who have kidney stones may also have a higher tendency to develop kidney infections.
  • The Female Physiology- Because women’s urethra is so much shorter; bacteria would only need to travel a short distance to enter.
  • Enlarged Prostate- Men who have enlarged prostates have a higher risk of contracting kidney infections than people with normal prostates.
  • Sexually-active Individuals- Frequent sexual intercourse may irritate the urethra and can pose a higher risk of infection.
  • Weakened Immune Systems- People with compromised immune systems may get a bacterial infection on their skin and would lead the bacteria into the person’s bloodstream, and ultimately, to the kidneys.

 

Symptoms

Kidney infections can show a host of symptoms. Kidney infections may develop within a few hours or a couple of days. Symptoms of renal infection include:

  • A burning sensation during urination
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Back pain
  • Pain in the groin and side
  • Shivering
  • Bloody or cloudy urine
  • Foul-smelling urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Inability to urinate fully

 

Treatment

The full treatment of kidney infections depends on the severity of the condition, as well as the general health of the person.

In most cases, doctors will prescribe oral antibiotics and people who take them will usually feel better in just a few days.

When taking antibiotics, it is important that you complete the cycle that was given by the doctor to ensure that all of the bacteria is killed in your system. Even though you feel better after a couple of days, it is still vital that you continue taking the antibiotics until you complete the doctor’s plan.

Scientists are now doing research into whether it is possible to treat kidney infections with stem cell therapy. While it is still in it’s infancy, researchers are conducting studies concerning the implications of stem cells for kidney recovery.

If you feel dehydrated or if fever is evident, you may need to drink plenty of liquids. That will also depend on your doctor as there are patients that may have difficulty urinating.